What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism occurs when thyroid hormones are being over produced by the thyroid gland. Thyroid hormones regulate metabolism in every cell of the body and therefore hyperthyroidism will affect all bodily functions.
The thyroid itself is a butterfly shaped gland that is located below the larynx- in the throat. It is the only endocrine organ that stores it’s hormones in large quantities. The thyroid hormones include TSH (thyrotrophin) which is produced by the anterior pituitary, T3 (triidothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine). Hyperthyroidism usually presents with low TSH and high T3/T4.